Glaucoma refers to any number of conditions that affect the optic nerve. This nerve can become injured as the result of pressure that builds up in the eye. Glaucoma usually displays no symptoms during its early stages, so routine eye exams are necessary to detect onset and facilitate rapid treatment.
Types of glaucoma
Open angle glaucoma. This develops from inadequate flow of fluid in the eye. This blocked flow causes pressure in the eye, potentially causing damage to the optic nerve if left untreated.
Normal tension glaucoma. Unlike open angle glaucoma, this condition is diagnosed by loss of peripheral vision, as well as size and cupping of the optic nerve.
Angle closure glaucoma. In the case of fluid being blocked by the iris, this condition affects the front of the eye. Symptoms of angle closure glaucoma include tearing, blurry vision, nausea and pain.
Congenital glaucoma occurs very occasionally.
Secondary glaucoma – develops as the result of an independent medical condition, such as diabetes or eye inflammation
Risk factors of glaucoma include:
- Family history of glaucoma
- Patients over 60 years of age are more likely to develop glaucoma
- Glaucoma is more likely to develop in African Americans and Mexican Americans
- Low tension glaucoma is more likely to develop in Asians
Treatment options for glaucoma include:
- Oral medication to decrease intraocular pressure
- Eye drops to decrease intraocular pressure
- Artificial drainage that allows aqueous fluid to escape and lower intraocular pressure
The Experts In Glaucoma Treatment
If you are interested in prevention or treatment of glaucoma, the next step is a consultation. During this time, your eye care specialist will perform a thorough exam to gather all necessary information to craft a custom treatment or prevention plan. At Atlantis Eyecare, we strive to provide the best glaucoma treatment Long Beach has available. To set an appointment, please call our office today.